along India's coastline attract a considerable number of recreational
domestic and foreign tourists. The beaches of Goa and the coral
reefs of the Andaman & Nicobar Islands, for instance, are prominently
marked on the tourism map. The back waters of Kerala attract a lot
of tourists because of their scenic beauty, rich culture, local
water sports and festivals.Naturopathy and ayurveda clinics as health
resorts are marketed along with natural beauty of the area. In Gujarat,
the Gulf of Kuchchh and the Little Rann attract wildlife enthusiasts
and birdwatchers. Keoladeo National Park, Rajasthan abode of the
Siberian cranes, has a considerable tourist traffic of about one
hundred thousand tourists a year.
tourism has traditionally been linked in India with areas of religious
and historical interest. For example, tours to Delhi-Agra-Jaipur
are combined with bird watching at Keoladeo National Park. This
circuit constitutes the golden triangle of tourism in northern India
and has created a captive clientele for Keoladeo National Park at
Bharatpur. Then again, different religions in India have, over the
ages, established strong links with water bodies. Hindu temples
and Sikh gurudwaras are often built near water. Sangams, the
confluence of two rivers, are also considered to be holy sites.
In Kashmir,the beautiful and historic Mughal gardens were constructed
around Dal lake, located at the heart of the Kashmir valley. Just
as the Dal has attracted tourists for centuries,similarly,lakes
in the Nainital district, Udaipur, Ooty and Kodaikanal, and the
lower and upper lakes of Bhopal are popular tourist attractions.
in India, so also throughout the world , lakes, reservoirs, tanks,
marshes, swamps, coral reefs and other water bodies have been centres
of tourist attraction due to their rich wildlife. However, the lack
of proper planning and neglect of environmental considerations in
such wetland areas has resulted in problems such as eutrophication,
algal blooms, poaching, oil spills, etc. This has further led to
problems of biodiversity loss and decreasing water supplies. Many
water bodies are also infested with introduced species of weeds.
In some coastal areas problems like collecting of souvenirs in the
form of corals, shells and sponges, has led to further exploitation
of local biodiversity. While these wetlands are already under pressure
due to various human induced factors, the unplanned influx of tourism
has further compounded problems.